Spatially Resolved Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy via Wide-Field Microscopy

TitleSpatially Resolved Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy via Wide-Field Microscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOstrander JS, Serrano AL, Ghosh A, Zanni M T.
Secondary TitleACS Photonics
Date Published06/2016
PublisherACS Photonics

We report the first wide-field microscope for measuring two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopic images. We concurrently collect more than 16 000 2D IR spectra, made possible by a new focal plane array detector and mid-IR pulse shaping, to generate hyperspectral images with multiple frequency dimensions and diffraction-limited spatial resolution. Both frequency axes of the spectra are collected in the time domain by scanning two pairs of femtosecond pulses using a dual acousto-optic modulator pulse shaper. The technique is demonstrated by imaging a mixture of metal carbonyl absorbed polystyrene beads. The differences in image formation between FTIR and 2D IR microscopy are also explored by imaging a patterned USAF test target. We find that our 2D IR microscope has diffraction-limited spatial resolution and enhanced contrast compared to FTIR microscopy because of the nonlinear scaling of the 2D IR signal to the absorptivity coefficient for the vibrational modes. Images generated using off-diagonal peaks, created from vibrational anharmonicities, improve the molecular discrimination and eliminate noise. Two-dimensional wide-field IR microscopy provides information on vibrational lifetimes, molecular couplings, transition dipole orientations, and many other quantities that can be used for creating image contrast to help disentangle and interpret complex and heterogeneous samples. Such experiments made possible could include the study of amyloid proteins in tissues, protein folding in heterogeneous environments, and structural dynamics in devices employing mid-IR materials.