Transition Dipoles from 1D and 2D Infrared Spectroscopy Help Reveal the Secondary Structures of Proteins: Application to Amyloids

TitleTransition Dipoles from 1D and 2D Infrared Spectroscopy Help Reveal the Secondary Structures of Proteins: Application to Amyloids
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDunkelberger EB, Grechko M, Zanni M T.
Secondary TitleJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume119
Issue44
Pagination14065–14075
Date Published10/2015
PublisherJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Abstract

Transition dipoles are an underutilized quantity for probing molecular structures. The transition dipole strengths in an extended system like a protein are modulated by the couplings and thus probe the structures. Here we measure the absolute transition dipole strengths of human and rat amylin in their solution, aggregated, membrane, and micelleular bound forms, using a combination of 1D and 2D infrared spectroscopy. We find that the vibrational modes of amyloid fibers made of human amylin can extend across as many as 12 amino acids, reflecting very ordered β-sheets in the most carefully prepared samples. Rat amylin has FTIR spectra that are nearly identical in solution, micelles, and membranes. We show that the transition dipoles of rat amylin are much larger when bound to micelles and membranes than when in solution, consistent with rat amylin adopting an α-helical structure. We interpret the transition dipole strengths as experimental measurements of the inverse participation ratio often calculated in theoretical studies. The structure of aggregating and membrane-bound proteins can be difficult to identify with existing techniques, especially during kinetics. These results demonstrate how absolute transition dipoles measured via our 1D/2D spectroscopy method can provide important structural information.

URLhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcb.5b07706
DOI10.1021/acs.jpcb.5b07706