Two-dimensional IR spectroscopy and isotope labeling defines the pathway of amyloid formation with residue-specific resolution

TitleTwo-dimensional IR spectroscopy and isotope labeling defines the pathway of amyloid formation with residue-specific resolution
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsShim S.-H., Gupta R., Ling Y.L, Strasfeld D.B, Raleigh D.P, Zanni MT
Secondary TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume106
Issue16
Pagination6614 - 6619
Date Published04/2009
Abstract

There is considerable interest in uncovering the pathway of amyloid formation because the toxic properties of amyloid likely stems from prefibril intermediates and not the fully formed fibrils. Using a recently invented method of collecting 2-dimensional infrared spectra and site-specific isotope labeling, we have measured the development of secondary structures for 6 residues during the aggregation process of the 37-residue polypeptide associated with type 2 diabetes, the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP). By monitoring the kinetics at 6 different labeled sites, we find that the peptides initially develop well-ordered structure in the region of the chain that is close to the ordered loop of the fibrils, followed by formation of the 2 parallel β-sheets with the N-terminal β-sheet likely forming before the C-terminal sheet. This experimental approach provides a detailed view of the aggregation pathway of hIAPP fibril formation as well as a general methodology for studying other amyloid forming proteins without the use of structure-perturbing labels.

URLhttp://www.pubfacts.com/detail/19346479/Two-dimensional-IR-spectroscopy-and-isotope-labeling-defines-the-pathway-of-amyloid-formation-with-r
Short TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences