Structural motif of polyglutamine amyloid fibrils discerned with mixed-isotope infrared spectroscopy

TitleStructural motif of polyglutamine amyloid fibrils discerned with mixed-isotope infrared spectroscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBuchanan LE, Carr J.K, Fluitt A.M, Hoganson A.J, Moran S.D, de Pablo J.J, Skinner J.L, Zanni M.T
Secondary TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume111
Issue16
Pagination5796–5801
Date Published04/2014
Abstract

Polyglutamine (polyQ) sequences are found in a variety of proteins, and mutational expansion of the polyQ tract is associated with many neurodegenerative diseases. We study the amyloid fibril structure and aggregation kinetics of K2Q24K2W, a model polyQ sequence. Two structures have been proposed for amyloid fibrils formed by polyQ peptides. By forming fibrils composed of both 12C and 13C monomers, made possible by protein expression in Escherichia coli, we can restrict vibrational delocalization to measure 2D IR spectra of individual monomers within the fibrils. The spectra are consistent with a β-turn structure in which each monomer forms an antiparallel hairpin and donates two strands to a single β-sheet. Calculated spectra from atomistic molecular-dynamics simulations of the two proposed structures confirm the assignment. No spectroscopically distinct intermediates are observed in rapid-scan 2D IR kinetics measurements, suggesting that aggregation is highly cooperative. Although 2D IR spectroscopy has advantages over linear techniques, the isotope-mixing strategy will also be useful with standard Fourier transform IR spectroscopy.

URLhttp://www.pnas.org/content/111/16/5796.short
DOI10.1073/pnas.1401587111
Short TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences